IRS Announces 2023 Employee Benefit Plan Limits
Free Article Limit This Month
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced the cost-of-living adjustments to the applicable dollar limits for various employer-sponsored retirement and welfare plans for 2023. All dollar limits that are subject to adjustment for cost-of-living increases will increase for 2023. Separate adjustment amounts were released by the Social Security Administration.
The IRS and the Social Security Administration announced the cost-of-living adjustments to the applicable dollar limits on various employer-sponsored retirement and welfare plans and the Social Security wage base for 2023. The table below compares the applicable dollar limits for certain employee benefit programs and the Social Security wage base for 2022 and 2023.*
|RETIREMENT PLAN LIMITS (guidance link)||2022||Δ||2023|
|Annual compensation limit||$305,000||↑||$330,000|
|401(k), 403(b) & 457(b) before-tax contributions||$20,500||↑||$22,500|
|Catch-up contributions (if age 50 or older)||$6,500||↑||$7,500|
|Highly compensated employee threshold||$135,000||↑||$150,000|
|Key employee officer compensation threshold||$200,000||↑||$215,000|
|Defined benefit plan annual benefit and accrual limit||$245,000||↑||$265,000|
|Defined contribution plan annual contribution limit||$61,000||↑||$66,000|
|Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) limit for determining the lengthening of the general five-year distribution period||$245,000||↑||$265,000|
|ESOP limit for determining the maximum account balance subject to the general five-year distribution period||$1,230,000||↑||$1,330,000|
|HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN LIMITS (guidance links here and here)||2022||Δ||2023|
|Health Flexible Spending Accounts|
|Maximum salary reduction limit||$2,850||↑||$3,050|
|Health FSA Carryover Limit||$570||↑||$610|
|Dependent Care Flexible Spending Accounts±|
|If employee is married and filing a joint return or if the employee is a single parent||$5,000||=||$5,000|
|In employee is married but filing separately||$2,500||=||$2,500|
|Excepted Benefit Health Reimbursement Arrangements (EBHRAs)||$1,800||↑||$1,950±|
|Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefit and Qualified Parking (monthly limit)||$280||↑||$300|
|High Deductible Health Plans (HDHP) and Health Savings Accounts (HSA)|
|HDHP - Maximum annual out-of-pocket limit (excluding premiums):|
|HDHP - Minimum annual deductible:|
|HSA - Annual contribution limit:|
|Catch-up contributions (age 55 or older)±||$1,000||═||$1,000|
|SOCIAL SECURITY WAGE BASE (guidance link)||2022||Δ||2023|
|Social Security Maximum Taxable Earnings||$147,000||↑||$160,200|
Plan sponsors should update payroll and plan administration systems for the 2023 cost-of-living adjustments and should incorporate the new limits in relevant participant communications, like open enrollment materials and summary plan descriptions.
* The dollar limits are generally applied on a calendar year basis; however, certain dollar limits are applied on a plan-year, tax-year, or limitation-year basis.
± Not indexed for cost-of-living adjustments, with the exception of limited guidance issued for certain years.
ALM expressly disclaims any express or implied warranty regarding the OnPractice Content, including any implied warranty that the OnPractice Content is accurate, has been corrected or is otherwise free from errors.